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  1. dogs health and wellness

Dog Health and Wellness

Dog Health and Wellness

Fuzzy vets' expert dog health advice to help pet parents make better decisions for their pup's health and wellness.
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Common Surgeries & Medical Procedures for Dogs

Posted by Dr. Roth on March 17, 2022

Medical Advice
Wellness Care
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For dog parents, there’s nothing more important than the health of their dog. Even with the highest quality of care, there may be times when a dog requires medical procedures to ensure they enjoy a long, happy, healthy life. Here are some of the most common surgeries and medical procedures for dogs. 

Spay and Neuter 

Spay and neuter surgeries are among the most common medical procedures for dogs. The surgery involves removing a dog’s reproductive organs to prevent pregnancy. It also offers several significant health benefits. 

In female dogs, a spay surgery greatly reduces the risk of mammary tumors, which can be cancerous. It also eliminates the risk of a dangerous uterine infection known as pyometra. In male dogs, neutering prevents the potential development of an enlarged prostate and reduces the risk of perianal adenomas. 

Vets recommend spaying or neutering dogs around the age of six months. If necessary, older dogs can undergo the procedure, too. 

Mass Removal 

Dogs can develop masses for various reasons. Some are nothing to worry about, but others can be cancerous. If a pet parent notices a new lump on their dog, they should seek dog advice from their vet. For a benign tumor, a vet may recommend monitoring it for growth unless it’s causing the dog discomfort. In cases of cancerous tumors, the vet may recommend surgical removal.

The vet will anesthetize the dog before surgery. After removing the mass, the vet will close the incision with stitches. A vet may submit the tumor for diagnostic testing and recommend further treatment based on the results. 

Dental Cleanings 

Dental care isn’t only for humans. It’s for dogs, too! Good oral hygiene can add up to two years to their lifespans.

Toothbrushing is one of the best ways pet parents can help prevent gum disease in dogs. Another great solution is routine dental cleanings. These are much more thorough cleanings than what can be done at home. A vet will anesthetize the dog to eliminate plaque and tartar from all tooth surfaces. They will also perform an oral evaluation to check for signs of trouble. Most vets recommend annual dental cleanings along with at-home oral care for optimal oral health.

Tooth Extractions

In some cases, such as severe gum disease or irreparable tooth damage, a dog may need one or more teeth removed. Damaged teeth can cause a lot of pain, and removing them can help improve a dog’s quality of life. 

Tooth extractions require a surgical procedure under general anesthesia. Depending on the situation, a dog may or may not need incisions to get the teeth out. Most dogs only experience minor discomfort and minimal bleeding after surgery. While complications are rare, pet parents should still monitor their dog for signs of any problems. The vet will also recommend post-operative care, such as a diet of soft foods and pain medication. 

Common Procedures for a Long and Happy Life

Even with the best care from pet parents, dogs may still need surgery or another medical procedure. While pet parents might not like the idea of their dog undergoing anesthesia and surgery, these common procedures can help ensure that their dogs live longer, happier, and healthier lives.  

Fuzzy is here to help 24/7 via Live Vet Chat and can answer any questions or concerns pet parents have about dog surgeries, procedures, and aftercare. 

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